- Every 7 MINUTES a child is bullied. Adult intervention – 4%. Peer intervention – 11%. No intervention – 85%. (8)
- Biracial and multiracial youth are more likely to be victimized than youth who identify with a single race.
- Bullied students tend to grow up more socially anxious, with less self-esteem and require more mental health services throughout life.
- Only 7% of U.S. parents are worried about cyberbullying; yet 33% of teenagers have been victims of cyberbullying. (7)
- Kids who are obese, gay, or have disabilities are up to 63% more likely to be bullied than other children.
- 1 MILLION children were harassed, threatened or subjected to other forms of cyberbullying on FACEBOOK during the past year.
- 86% of students said, “other kids picking on them, making fun of them or bullying them” causes teenagers to turn to lethal violence in schools.
- It is estimated that 160,000 children miss school every day due to fear of attack or intimidation by other students. Source: National Education Association.
- American schools harbor approximately 2.1 million bullies and 2.7 million of their victims. Dan Olweus, National School Safety Center.
Ethnicity and Bullying
- Black* adolescents report a significantly lower prevalence of victimization than white and Hispanic students. (1)
- Biracial and multiracial youth are more likely to be victimized than youth who identify with a single race. (2)
- Asian youth are more likely to be victimized than youth who identify with other ethnic groups. (3)
- Youth who were born in their home country, but whose parents were born outside of the country report the highest rate of ethnic victimization, but not general victimization. (4)
- 44% of elementary school students and 33% of high school students who report being victimized because of their ethnicity also report bullying others for the same reason. (5)
- There are long term consequences associated with racial discrimination, such as stress and anxiety, exclusion from groups and low motivation in adulthood. (6)
For young people involved in bullying in any capacity—youth who bully others, who are bullied, or who both bully and are bullied, this involvement is correlated with poor mental and physical health and engagement in other risk behaviors. Youth who are bullied are more likely to be depressed or anxious [11, have lower academic achievement, report feeling like they do not belong at school [12, have poorer social and emotional adjustment, greater difficulty making friends, poorer relationships with classmates, and greater loneliness [13. Bully-victims are more likely than those who bully, those who are bullied, or their uninvolved peers to report being physically hurt by a family member, to witness family violence, and exhibit suicide-related behaviors [14. Those who bully others are more likely to drink alcohol and use cigarettes, to have poorer academic achievement and poorer perceived school climate, but to also report greater ease of making friends [13.
1. Spriggs, A. L., Iannotti, R. J., Nansel, T. R., & Haynie, D. L. (2007). Adolescent bullying involvement and perceived family, peer and school relations: Commonalities and differences across race/ethnicity. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41(3), 283-293.
2. Stein, J. A., Dukes, R. L., Warren, J. I. (2007). Adolescent male bullies, victims, and bullyvictims: a comparison of psychosocial and behavioral characteristics. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 32(3), 273-282
3. Mouttapa, M., Valente, T., Gallaher, P., Rohrbach, L. A., Unger, J. B. (2004). Social network predictors of bullying and victimization. Adolescence. 39, 315-335
4. McKenney, K. S., Pepler, D., Craig, W., & Connolly, J. (2006). Peer victimization and psychosocial adjustment: The experiences of Canadian immigrant youth. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 4, 239-264.
5. Pepler, D., McKenney, K. S., Craig, W., & Connolly, J. (2006). Bullying: The Risks for Ethnic Minority Youth. Symposium presented at the Society for Research on Adolescence Conference, San Francisco.
6. Fisher, C.B., Wallace, S.A., & Fenton, R.E. (2000). Discrimination distress during adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29(6), 679-695.
7. PEW Internet and American Life Survey, 2011